Abtreibung in England Legal
In England, Scotland and Wales, an intervention is legal within 24 weeks. For this reason, two doctors must certify to the woman that the pregnancy could harm her mentally or emotionally. Russia first legalized abortion in 1920 under Lenin, the world`s first country. In the meantime, abortions have been banned again from sanctions since 1955. There is a period of 12 weeks with a prescribed consultation. In case of rape, a period of 22 weeks applies, for urgent medical reasons also later. On the African continent, some countries generally ban abortion, others are more liberal. Many women die from illegal abortions. During the second half of the 20th century. In the nineteenth century, one European country after another relaxed its abortion laws, and so today, more than 80 years after Iceland`s legislative initiative, abortion is legal in most EU countries under certain conditions.
However, the reasons considered sufficient for an abortion differ considerably. It is only since 2017 that abortion is legal in Chile in case of pregnancy due to rape, in case of death of the mother or serious illness of the father. However, many doctors still refuse to perform the procedure. Abortion goes unpunished even if there is a risk to the woman`s life or mental health. Even in cases of rape, abortion up to the second week of pregnancy is legal. Now the law has been temporarily changed so that British women can terminate their pregnancies for up to ten weeks at home using the pills. To do this, they must first seek advice from a doctor by phone or video call and receive the necessary medications sent home. The Uk Department of Health justified the change with the reference to public safety, which must be maintained. We recognize that women in emergencies should have access to this opportunity. However, the prerequisite is the advice of the doctor, without which you will not receive the abortion pill. Northern Ireland, which only allowed the possibility of early abortion until the 12th week of April 2020, is still discussing this change.
Previously, Northern Irish women had to travel to England for abortions. In Mozambique, abortion has been legal since 2014 in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy (16 for incest or rape), but this requires the written consent of two doctors, making access much more difficult. In Thailand, a new abortion law was passed in 2020. Until the second week, abortion is legal if it is performed by a health professional under certain conditions. Thereafter, an abortion is punishable by a fine of up to six months and/or a fine. Abortion has been legal in Cambodia since 2002 during the first trimester of pregnancy, after two weeks in certain circumstances. In Mexico, the Supreme Court recently declared abortion penalties unconstitutional. Other legislative changes may follow. So far, women can only legally abort until the second week in 4 of the 32 states: Mexico City, Oaxaca, Veracruz and Hidalgo. A 2019 study by Johns Hopkins University found that more than 6,000 women die from illegal abortions in Nigeria each year. In Belgium, abortions are legal from 1990 until the twentieth week of pregnancy, in cases of rape in even later circumstances, and in cases of unlimited medical problems. In Portugal, abortion was only legal until 2007 for medical reasons or after rape, since 2007 the regulation on time limits also applies to it: since then, women can terminate unwanted pregnancies within the first ten weeks with impunity if advice has taken place beforehand.
In the Faroe Islands, on the other hand, married women need their husband`s consent for an abortion. Even in countries like Venezuela, Ecuador or Costa Rica, abortions are only legal under certain conditions, for example if the woman`s life is in danger. In Ireland, women have been having a legal abortion since a 2018 referendum. Two-thirds of the Irish voted in favour of it. Abortions are allowed until the last week. The legal situation is now similar in Northern Ireland, with longer time limits applying in certain circumstances. In Austria, abortion has been allowed since 1975 after prior consultation. The legal period extends until the end of the third month following the beginning of the pregnancy, after which an abortion is exempt from punishment only in case of serious threat to the mother`s mental or physical health, serious fetal damage or if the mother is under 14 years of age. Let us not close our eyes: abortions have always existed and will always exist, whether legal or illegal. The question is whether they will be carried out safely and whether those affected and those who perform abortions can expect punishment up to and including imprisonment. Abortion is basic medical care! The upcoming elections to the Bundestag give us the opportunity to finally demand this! In Turkey, abortions have been legal since 1983 at the request of the woman until the end of the 10th week, in exceptional cases also until the 20th week. In practice, however, more and more public hospitals are rejecting the procedure, according to a study by Deutsche Welle.
In El Salvador, which is very Catholic, there is a total ban on abortion. Even rape is not a reason for a legal abortion, a miscarriage is considered murder. Abortions can be punished with prison terms of up to 40 years. It is believed that thousands of clandestine abortions are performed each year. Nevertheless, it is not easy for many women to get the court because misinformation and stigma make access difficult. Every year, hundreds of women in South Africa die as a result of unsafe (self-)aborted abortions. In Hong Kong, abortion was legalized in 1976 in certain cases, such as when the physical or mental health of pregnant women is threatened, rape and incest, or weakening of the pregnant woman. This requires the consent of two doctors. In Japan, women need their partner`s permission for a legal abortion. However, in order to protect women who have been victims of serious violence, the Ministry of Health will allow the exception in 2021 that abortion without consent is possible if the marriage is considered broken. Even with single women, it happens that doctors ask their partner for permission. In 1965, Cuba became the first country in Latin America to legalize abortion until the tenth week.
Under certain conditions, it is also allowed in addition. Around the 40th anniversary of the entry into force of the first legal abortion law in the United Kingdom, the debate intensifies. Currently, the number of annual abortions is just under 200,000, and the trend is upward. Opponents of abortion want to shorten the time limit for legal abortions. Silvia Engels reports.